Haynes, Emma Schwabenland


Emma Schwabenland was born in Portland, Oregon, on 2 February 1907, to the Rev. Johann Conrad and Dora (Miller) Schwabenland. Pastor Schwabenland was born in Straub and came to the U.S. in 1891. He served German Congregational Churches in North Dakota, Washington, Oregon, California, and Colorado between the years 1898 and 1939. Dora Miller had come to America from Norka with her parents and their family in 1887.

After graduation from high school in Windsor, Colorado, in 1924, she attended the University of Colorado, graduating with honors in 1927. While there, she received Phi Beta Kappa and Kappa Delta Pi honors. Her M.A. thesis at the University of Colorado in 1929 was entitled "German-Russians on the Volga and in the United States." This thesis and her History of the Volga Relief Society written in 1941 are proof of her long interest in her heritage. After teaching in Redfield, South Dakota, in 1929, she went to the University of Breslau in Germany as an exchange student in 1930-31. Upon her return, she taught at the Michigan City, Indiana, Senior High School.

After World War II, Mrs. Haynes was employed as a translator and interpreter in Germany during the Nuremberg Trials. She interviewed many famous personalities of the Allied Armies, as well as interpreting for the leaders of the defeated Reich. It was there that she met her husband, Tom, a Chicago court reporter, who was also working at the trials. After being married in the United States in 1948, they returned to Europe where they spent 28 years. Their duty stations included Trieste, Italy; Salzburg, Austria; Verona, Italy; Goppingen, Germany and their last station in Frankfurt, Germany where Mr. Haynes was employed in the legal section of the U.S. Army. While in Frankfurt, Emma continued her research into the lives or our German relatives, now living in the Soviet Union, or recently repatriated to Germany. Her friendship in AHSGR with Dr. Karl Stumpp of Germany, the eminent and outstanding authority on the history of the Germans from Russia, enticed him to come to America for the 2nd International Convention of AHSGR resulting in the progress of AHSGR in the Americas, Canada, and abroad.

Emma and her husband Tom lived in Arlington, Virginia, until the end of April 1984 when they moved to Ventura, California. She died there on 28 December 1984.


Haynes, Emma Schwabenland Haynes. A History of the Volga Relief Society (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1982).

Spomer, Roy W. "Wissen Sie?: A Perspective on Emma Schwabenland Haynes (1907-1984)." Cal

Emma Schwabenland Haynes (Steve Schreiber)