Associated Colonies
Place of origin
Thallichtenberg, Kusel, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany

David Hess was born about 1726 and lived in Thallichtenberg at the time of his marriage to Maria Magdalena Hilles on 10 Jan 1746. The marriage took place in the nearby Reformed parish church at Pfeffelbach.

At least five children were born in Thallichtenberg and baptized in Pfeffelbach:

Maria Dorothea, born 4 September 1749

Johann Nickel (Nicolaus), born 29 April 1751

Johann David, born 21 September 1755

Maria Catharina, born 30 Mar 1759

Johann Wilhelm, born 8 January 1763

At the time Pfeffelbach was part of the Duchy of Zweibrücken. In 1768, 375 inhabitants lived in Pfeffelbach. In 1588, the Count of Zweibrücken forced all his subjects to convert to the Reformed (Calvinist) faith.

In early 1766, the David Hess registered his family as Russian colonists with the private recruiter Le Roy. They traveled to Russia with their neighbors, the Johann Heinrich Bier family, and the Andreas Scherer family. All three heads of household were stone masons.

The families traveled north to the Baltic seaport of Lübeck and boarded the Russian cargo ship “Slon” (Elephant), commanded by Sergey Panov. The ship carried about 345 colonists and made an intermediate stop at the port of Reval (now Tallinn, Estonia) before proceeding to Russia’s island fortress of Kronstadt in the Gulf of Finland. From Kronstadt the families were transported to Oranienbaum (now Lomonosov) on the mainland in an oared boat. There they were recorded by Ivan Kulberg as households 596, 597 and 598 on 27 May 1766. At this time, David stated that he was a member of the Reformed faith from Zweibrücken.

The Hess family arrived in Warenburg on 12 May 1767 was recorded in the 1767 Census of Warenburg as household 119. David is listed as a stone mason. David’s wife, Maria Magdalena, and daughter, Maria Dorothea, died before the census was taken.


Pfeffelbach parish records on Ancestry.com

Idt, Andreas and Rauschenbach, Georg. Die "Berufer" Abenteuer der Aufklärung in Katharinas II. Kolonisierungsprojekt (Moscow: 2019). Page 282.

Idt, Andreas and Rauschenbach, Georg. Auswanderung deutsche Kolonisten nach Russland im Jahre 1766 (Second edition). Moscow: 2019. Page 29.

Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg (Saratov: Saratov State Technical University, 2010): Page 63.

Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 4 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 1999): Page 322, Households 3, 3a and Page 339, Households 118 and 119.

Pfeffelbach - Wikipedia

Steve Schreiber