Johann Martin Kurtz was baptized in Grötzingen, Baden on 6 October 1704. He was the son of Christian Kurtz and his wife Anna Margaretha. Martin’s first wife, Ursula Schwartz, died in 1744. They had two children who both died in childhood. Martin then married Anna Catharina Lautenschlager on 11 April 1745 in Grötzingen. She was born 31 October and baptized 1 November 1718, also in Grötzingen. Her parents were Simon and Anna Catharina Lautenschlager.
Martin and Anna Catharina had 7 children: Barbara (born 14 February, baptized 15 February 1746, died in 1747); Christian (born 17 February, baptized 18 February 1747), Maria Barbara (born 3 January, baptized 5 January 1750), Anna Maria (born 6 September, baptized 7 September 1753), Magdalena (born 3 April, baptized 5 April 1756, died 23 January 1757), Johann Ludwig (born 14 September, baptized 16 September 1759), and Johann Jacob (born 19 November, baptized 21 November 1760).
In August, 1761, Martin, his wife and 5 children were recorded in Denmark. They had arrived in Schleswig, then part of Jutland, Denmark 4 July 1761. While waiting to be assigned a farm, Martin died in 1762.
Christian married Maria Eva, daughter of Hans Michel Ulrich and his wife Anna Maria, in the parish of Hohn, Schleswig 28 February 1764. The family was released to leave Denmark 2 June 1764.
Christian Kurtz and his mother are next found on the 1775 census for the Volga colony of Schilling. There is no mention of the other members of the family. However, Anna Maria Kurtz, age 45, is listed on the 1798 census for Shcherbakvoka with her second husband Adolf Romig. It is stated that she was from Schilling and her deceased husband was Georg Nasen.
The 1798 census for Balzer lists Barbara Kurtz age 50, wife of Conrad Schneider. She is also listed with him on the First Settlers List and the 1775 census for Balzer. She may have been the daughter of Martin, though further research would be needed to confirm this.
There are no additional records for Johann Ludwig or Johann Jacob after the Danish records. The First Settlers list of Schilling is missing, so it is unknown whether they arrived in Russia with the rest of the family.
The Kurtz family can be traced back to the 1600s in Grötzingen. In some early records the surname is "Kurtzmann".
- Grötzingen (Karlsruhe) parish records on Archion.de
- Eichhorn, Alexander, Jacob & Mary. The Immigration of German colonists to Denmark and their subsequent Emigration to Russia in the years 1759-1766 (Deiningen, Germany: Steinmeier, 2012). pp. 270, 495, 685
- Hohn (Schleswig) parish records on Archion.de
- Danish parish record extractions by Wayne Bonner
- Schilling 1775 census
- Balzer First Settlers List, 1775 and 1798 census
- Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga: Economy, Population, and Agriculture (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999): Volume 2, pp. 901, 953