Associated Colonies
Place of origin
Schotten, Hessen, Germany

There are two Kromm families that settled in the Volga German colony of Yagodnaya Polyana. They both came from the village of Schotten, east of Giessen, but it has yet to be determined exactly how they are related to each other.

(1) Johann Conrad Kromm married in 1743 to Anna Margaretha Ilges, daughter of wool weaver Johannes Ilges. Her mother's maiden name was Ruhl. Anna had been born 2 February 1724 in Schotten. The Kromms had four known children: (1) Christian, born 29 November 1749; (2) Johann Georg, born in 1751; (3) Anna Katharina, born in 1756; and (4) Anna Maria, born in 1763.

The family immigrated to Russia arriving from the port in Lübeck at the port in Oranienbaum on 19 September 1766 on a vessel under the command of skipper Johann Hermann Anderson. During the voyage from Oranienbaum to Saratov, 3-year-old Anna Maria died. The family arrived in Yagodnaya Polyana on 16 September 1767, but by the time the 1767 Census is recorded for Yagodnaya Polyana, only widow Anna Margaretha and the children are recorded in Household No. 20.

In the 1798 census of Yagodnaya Polyana, widow Anna Margaretha is still living in Household Yp37 with son Georg and his family. Son Christian Kromm is recorded at Household No. Yp52, and daughter Katharina has married Heinrich Jungmann and is recorded in Household No. Yp56.

On the 1798 Census of Yagodnaya Polyana, Anna Margaretha Ilges Kromm is recorded in Household Yp37 with the surname of Baum. It is assumed that she married Johann Reinhard Baum who had arrived in Yagodnaya Polyana as a widower.

(2) Philipp Kromm was born about 1712 in Schotten. He married an Anna Elisabeth (surname unknown), and they had the following children: (1) Anna Elisabeth, born about 1743; (2) Conrad, born about 1753; and (3) Anna Maria, born about 1755.

They arrived from Lübeck at the port in Oranienbaum on 13 September 1766 onboard Die Perle, a galliott under the command of Thomson. Philipp Kromm and his family arrived in Yagodnaya Polyana on 16 September 1767, the same day as the Conrad Kromm family, although their daughter Anna Elisabeth was not listed among those that arrived with the family. Son Konrad is recorded on the Yagodnaya Polyana 1798 Census in Household Yp20 with younger sister Anna Maria is next door at Household No. Yp21 with her husband Adam Schreiner.


"Auswandererliste aus Ober-Lais Eichelsdorf nach Jagodnaya Poljana." Eicheltäler Heimatglocken 2 (February 1929): 73.

Die Geschichte der Wolgadeutschen vom Vogelsberg zur Wolga(Alsfeld, Wiesbaden: Die Albert-Schweitzer-Schule, 1990): 55.

Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga: Economy, Population, and Agriculture (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999).

Mai, Brent Alan, trans. & ed.  Transport of the Volga Germans from Oranienbaum to the Colonies on the Volga: 1766-1767 (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1998): entries 441-446, 7098-7102.

Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 2 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2001): 178 & 181.

Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg (Saratov: Saratov State Technical University, 2010): 394 & 413.

Bill Pickelhaupt