Spelling Variations
Associated Colonies
Place of origin
Backnang, Rems-Murr-Kreis, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Großbottwar, Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Johann Melchior Uhl was baptized on 29 January 1696 in the Lutheran church in Backnang. He was the son of Johann Melchior Uhl Sr. and Dorothea Pfäler. Johann Melchior married Anna Maria Hack, the daughter of Heinrich Hack, on 28 September 1722 in Backnang.

Two sons of Johann Melchior and Anna Maria decided to become Russian colonists in 1766.

1. Ernst Gottlieb Uhl was baptized on 27 September 1723 in Backnang. He married Maria Catharina Baumeister on 11 April 1747 in Backnang. At least four children from this marriage were baptized in Backnang:

a. Johann Georg on 23 June 1750. He died before August 1766.

b. Catharina Magdalena on 7 September 1752

c. Christina Margaretha on 12 April 1760

d. Christina Friederica on 24 November 1763

2. Ernst Gottlieb's younger brother, Georg Friedrich Uhl, was baptized in Backnang on 15 May 1732. He married Ephrosina (Eva Rosina) Scheid on 26 April 1757 in Großbottwar. Ephrosina is the daughter of Johann Georg and Jacobina Salome Scheid from Großbottwar. At least four children were baptized from this marriage:

a. Georg Friedrich on 8 June 1758 in Backnang

b. Christina Clara on 30 September 1759 in Backnang

c. Eva Rosina Magdalena on 9 October 1762 in Backnang

d. Johann Gottlieb on 21 April 1764 in Großbottwar

Both Uhl families arrived in Oranienbaum, Russia (now Lomonosov) as public colonists on 7 August 1766. They sailed aboard the Danish galliot Nordstern (North Star) which departed from Lübeck under the command of Detlef Behling and disembarked the colonists at the island fortress of Kronstadt. Upon arrival on the mainland, the Uhl brothers both stated that they were Lutherans and worked as wool weavers.

The arduous journey to the settlement area on the lower Volga River took a heavy toll on both families.

Ernst Gottlieb and Anna Maria both died en route. Their orphaned daughter, Christina Margaretha, survived the journey and married Georg Mai (household 86 in the 1798 census of Schilling). The fate of their two other daughters, Catharina Magdalena and Christina Friederica, is unknown.

Georg Friedrich and two of his children, Christina Clara and Johann Gottlieb, survived the journey and arrived in the colony of Warenburg on 12 May 1767. They were listed as household 78 in the 1767 census taken late that year. His wife, Ephrosina, likely died shortly after their arrival in Russia. Two of his children, Georg Friedrich and Eva Rosina Magdalena, are included in the transport list but apparently died before the 1767 census was taken.

A widower, Georg Friedrich remarried Maria Apollonia (surname unknown) before their arrival in Warenburg. After her death, he married Anna Margaretha Hauser. There are no known children from these marriages. 

Georg Friedrich's daughter, Christina Clara, married Johann Reinhard Eisner in Warenburg and they had at least seven children (household 56 in the 1798 Warenburg census). Georg Friedrich's son, Johann Gottlieb, married Elisabeth Dorothea Klamm in Warenburg and they had a least one child, Maria Christina. They are living with his widowed stepmother, Anna Margaretha née Hauser, in the 1798 census of Warenburg (household 53) .


Parish records of Backnang and Großbottwar on Archion.de.

Idt, Andreas and Rauschenbach, Georg. Auswanderung deutsche Kolonisten nach Russland im Jahre 1766 (Second edition). Moscow: 2019. Page 30.

Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga: Economy, Population, and Agriculture (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999). Volume 2 - Pages 901 (household 86) and 1017 (household 53).

Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg (Saratov: Saratov State Technical University, 2010). Page 335.

Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 4 (Göttingen: Nordost-Institute, 2005). Page 333.

Rauschenbach, Georg and Idt, Andreas. Deutsche Kolonisten Auf Dem Weg Von St. Petersburg Nach Saratow (Moscow: 2017): Pages 124 (Nos. 2026-2030) and 125 (Nos. 2043-2047).

Steve Schreiber