It is located at the confluence of the north and south forks of the Palouse River. At once time, Colfax also lay at the junction of three railway lines. It was named after Schuyler Colfax, the 17th Vice President of the United States (1869-1873).
The following Volga German families are known to have settled in and around Colfax:
Morasch from Yagodnaya Polyana